Sewing machines are machines which are used for stitching fabric and other materials using thread and needle. Going back in time all this work was done manually and was very hectic andtime-consuming. To decrease this labor and get the same work done faster with more efficiency, sewing machines were developed during the first Industrial Revolution. The credit for the invention of the first machine generally goes to Thomas Saint in 1790.
Beneficial for the clothing Industry
The clothing industry has benefited a lot because of this invention and it has even made the domestic stitching work much easier. There are many kinds of best sewing machine for beginners like the ones for domestic use which are made only for an individual with a single stitch type while the ones which are used in clothing industries are much biggeralong with being faster and more expensive according to them to your needs and the facilities provided by it.
Different parts and their functions
Various parts are having different functions in a machine and these functions need to be understood before working on these machines:
- Spool Pin: To hold the spool of thread.
- Hand Wheel: To move the needle for position changes.
- Bobbin binder spindle: To place bobbin during winding.
- Bobbin binder stopper: To stop the bobbin winding.
- Pattern selector dial: To select the symbol of the desired
- Stitch width dial: To control the zigzag
- Stitch length dial: To control the length of the stitch.
- Power switch: To on and off the power of the machine.
- Reverse stitch lever: To sew in reverse direction.
- Bobbin winder thread guide: To use during bobbin winding.
- Thread tension dial: To control the tension of the top thread.
- Thread take-up lever: For the top thread to pass and it moves with a needle.
- Presser foot: To hold the fabric in place.
- Needle clamp screw: To hold the needle in place.
- Bobbin cover: To protect the bobbin holder.
- Bobbin cover release button: To release cover for bobbin entering.
- Feed dog: To pull forward the fabric.
- Needle plate: To move the fabric forward.
- Needle: To form the stitch on the fabric.
There are many types of plain stitches like chain stitch, cover stitch, lockstitch and overlock and many designer stitches like a zigzag stitch, needle feed, drop feed, differential feed, manual feed and many others which can be done using these machines.